Prevention of parasitic invasions

Considering the unpleasant images of parasites on the Internet, in magazines, many think that this problem will definitely not affect them. But it was not so, everyone can become infected with parasites! It has been proven that during life, almost every person at least once becomes a "home" for helminths, protozoa.

How then to be? The solution to the problem is competent prevention, which we will discuss in this article.

About parasites in numbers and facts

Despite the development of modern medicine, the prevention of parasitosis remains relevant today.The following figures and facts prove the need for preventive measures:

  1. According to the WHO, there are more than 4. 5 billion people in the world suffering from parasitosis. Parasites cause 16 million deaths every year.
  2. In Europe, every third inhabitant is affected by parasitic infestations.
  3. More than 70% of people in our country are infected with toxoplasma - parasites that can cause visual impairment and neurological disorders.
  4. Annually, at least 20% of children attending educational and educational institutions fall ill with helminthiasis.
  5. A person can be simultaneously attacked by up to 15 species of protozoa and over 250 species of various worms. Helminthiases account for about 89% of all parasitic invasions.
the causative agent of toxoplasmosis in the body

Parasites are capable of infecting not only the digestive tract, but also other vital organs - the heart, liver, kidneys, and brain. Traveling through the body, they cause mechanical damage to organs and tissues, blockage of the bile ducts, and inflammatory processes. In addition, they can cause a decrease in immunity, allergic reactions, and oncology.

What are the types of parasitosis?

There are many parasitic diseases. The most common of these are:

  • geohelminthiasis- diseases caused by parasites that carry out one of the life cycles in the soil. The eggs of these parasites can survive in the ground for up to 7 years, surviving severe frosts and remaining invasive;
  • zooanthroponosis- parasitic infestations that affect both humans and animals;
  • pure anthroponoses- diseases specific only to humans.

Separately, among parasitic invasions, contagious diseases are distinguished, in which parasites can be transmitted from person to person.

How can a person become infected with parasites?

Sources of parasitic diseases can be:

  • household items in an apartment, public places, transport;
  • food products - poorly washed vegetables, fruits, raw or insufficiently processed meat, fish. Especially often, parasite infestation is observed in the summer, when we enrich the diet with vitamins: fresh berries, vegetables, herbs. These products may contain grains of soil, and therefore eggs of parasites;
  • tap water, water in rivers, lakes. While swimming in a pond, parasites can enter the human body through the skin, mucous membranes, as a result of ingestion of water;
  • Pets. All pet owners have a high likelihood of contracting zooanthroponoses;
  • children's sandboxes. For example, in children's sandboxes, animal feces can be found, which means there is a possibility of infection with helminths.

A common cause of parasite infestation is poor personal hygiene.Infection can occur if you do not wash your hands after visiting public places, going to the toilet, dealing with money, working on your backyard, cooking fish, meat, salads.

There are a number of professions where people, by the nature of their work, have a high probability of becoming infected with parasites. Such specialists include plumbers, workers of livestock farms, agricultural enterprises, food industry, and territory cleaners.

There are also parasites that are carried by insects. For example, flies, mosquitoes.

sources of parasite infestation

Community principles of parasite prevention

On the territory of our country, about 1 million patients with parasitic diseases are registered annually. In this regard, preventive measures have been developed to prevent the spread of parasitoses. The basic principles of prevention include:

  1. Timely identification and treatment of patients with parasitosis.A person cured in time does not pose a threat to others.
  2. Timely destruction of pathogens of parasitic invasions by disinfection and disinsection methods.This includes the disinfection of wastewater, food, and insect repelling of public places. For example, treating resting places from mosquitoes can prevent diseases such as dirofilariasis.
  3. Protection of the environment from pollution by substrates containing parasites.First of all, this is the timely disinfection of cesspools, the prevention of the use of fresh animal feces in agriculture as fertilizers. These requirements are enshrined at the legislative level and must be strictly followed.
  4. Prevention of parasitic invasions with the help of chemotherapeutic agents.For example, when traveling to the tropics or to places where malaria is endemic, it is necessary to use antimalarial drugs. Such means prevent the development of malaria, even with a possible infection. The same can be said for professional groups of the population. Workers of livestock farms, agricultural farms in certain periods are recommended to chemoprophylaxis of parasitic infestations.
  5. Immunoprophylaxis or immunization of the population in the foci of the development of parasitic invasions.This measure is more related to the prevention of infection with protozoa than helminthiases.
  6. Improving the general sanitary culture of the population.

Personal prevention measures for parasites

There is no magic remedy that can protect a person from all parasitic invasions. Prevention of parasite infestation is multifaceted and includes many aspects. Prevention measures depend on the type of parasite, the cycle of its development, how it enters the human body.

However, one can single out the basic rules that reduce the risk of developing parasitoses:

  • observance of personal hygiene: thorough washing of hands after visiting public places, contact with pets, before eating;
  • regular wet cleaning of the apartment with disinfectants;
  • regular boiling of bed and underwear;
  • purchase of meat products in authorized trade places;
  • sufficient heat treatment of meat, fish, which should be at least 30 minutes. Also, an effective way to combat parasites is to pre-freeze fish and meat;
  • thorough washing and boiling water treatment of vegetables, fruits, herbs;
  • drinking bottled, boiled water;
  • protecting food from insects;
  • regular screening for parasites.

Plants that can protect against parasitosis

An effective measure for the prevention of infection with helminths, protozoa is the enrichment of the diet with plants, seasonings with antiparasitic action.To date, more than 50 plant species are known that have a detrimental effect on parasites:

  • calamus roots. The plant is capable of infecting the nervous system of parasites and expelling them from tissues, organs;
  • marshmallow roots. Acts on parasites that live in the blood, muscle tissue;
  • leaves and stems of basil. The antiparasitic action of basil is similar to that of marshmallow;
  • berries, stems, leaves, roots of barberry. The plant is especially effective against parasites that affect the liver;
  • Carnation. The effectiveness of cloves against parasites has been known since ancient times. Cloves are harmful to flat, tape, round worms, protozoa. In addition, it is effective against bacteria and viruses;
  • Garnet. Not only pomegranate fruits have an antiparasitic effect, but also the peel. The pomegranate peel can be used to make tea;
  • roots, flowers elecampane. They kill parasites that affect the digestive tract and the nervous system. In addition, the plant removes toxins from the body;
  • the aerial part of oregano, which is used to make teas. The plant has a detrimental effect on protozoa, fungi, opportunistic microorganisms;
  • St. John's wort. Actively fights against luminal parasites that live in the interstitial space of the large intestine;
  • ginger roots. They are able to expel parasites from the respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract. The plant has not only antiparasitic, but also anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory properties;
  • fruits, seeds, viburnum flowers. The plant expels parasites from the bronchopulmonary tree, urogenital, gastrointestinal tract. Additionally, it has anti-inflammatory effect;
  • cardamom seeds. Powerfully act on the larval stages of parasites, protozoa, have an antifungal effect;
  • cilantro seeds (coriander) are a common herb that is often used in salads. It expels intestinal parasites well;
  • cinnamon. Does not lose its antiparasitic properties even after heat treatment;
  • nettle. Effective against parasites affecting the skin, intestines, respiratory organs;
  • incense. It has a particularly detrimental effect on parasites of the respiratory and nervous system;
  • roots, leaves, stems of common burdock. Promote the elimination of parasites located in the bronchopulmonary tree, the lymphatic system.

Watercress, red pepper, sesame, alfalfa, raspberry, juniper, birch, field mint, wormwood, dandelion, parsley, tansy, chamomile, rhubarb, walnut leaves, fennel, garlic also act destructively on parasites.

herbs against parasites

Plants with antiparasitic properties should be used only in prophylactic doses.For example, plants such as St. John's wort, yarrow, tansy are poisonous in large quantities and an overdose of them is dangerous. If you are not sure about the safety of a particular plant, then be sure to consult with a specialist.

Separately, it is worth dwelling on the action of garlic. Among folk remedies for parasites, enemas with garlic occupy one of the first places. But in fact, this method is ineffective and very dangerous. Most parasites live in the small intestine, which is not affected by the enema. A possible complication after an enema with garlic is a burn of the intestinal mucosa.