Symptoms of worms in humans can be quite varied, but any such manifestations cannot be ignored, since the worms that live in the body can cause other, more serious diseases.
In the article you will find the main signs of worms in humans, find out the reasons for infection with parasites, and also what treatment of the body is considered the most effective.
Why do parasites appear in the body?
Despite the fact that cases of infection with worms are much more common among children of preschool and primary school age, sometimes this problem also occurs in adults. There are different ways for parasites to enter the body.
Very often, infection with helminths occurs due to non-compliance with the rules of hygiene - of course, they are much more often neglected by children than by adults, but under unfavorable conditions this can cause infection in adults.
There are frequent cases of infection with helminths on vacation abroad - parasites can enter the body through food, poorly processed dishes, in contact with an infected person or animal.
Although the body of an adult is more resistant to attacks of parasites, during periods of weakened immunity, for example, during an illness, it can be quite easy to become infected with them.
Another common way of infecting the body with worms is through food. Helminths can enter the human body through insufficiently processed (uncooked or uncooked) fish or meat, dirty fruits and vegetables.
Although there are frequent cases of infection with worms after eating ordinary river fish, you need to be especially careful on vacation in another country - exotic dishes can be dangerous, especially if you do not know exactly how they were prepared.
Contact with human carriers of parasites is another common cause of infection. According to various estimates, about 60% of people have encountered worms at least once in their lives. In children, this indicator is even higher.
If we take into account that parasites for a long time may not manifest themselves in any way, then we can assume that even more people can be carriers of this problem.
If you have to constantly interact with a person infected with worms, then the likelihood of infection with them increases many times over. They spread especially quickly in crowded collectives with a large number of people.
While simple measures such as washing your hands after using the toilet and eating only tested and processed foods can reduce the risk of infection, there is still no 100% protection against it, so you should pay attention to any, even the smallest, problems in the body.
The main signs of helminth infection
The difficulty of self-identifying an infection of the body with helminths is that the signs of the appearance of worms are similar to the manifestations of other problems with the body.
Since parasites are primarily localized in the stomach and intestines, where they multiply and leave their waste products, the first violations, as a rule, occur in these organs.
At first, a person may notice excess gas and bloating, not caused by food or illness.
This is due to the fact that very often parasites settle in the small intestine, due to which its walls become inflamed, food is digested and absorbed worse, which leads to bloating.
Constipation and diarrhea are equally rare conditions. They are also caused by irritation in the intestines. Constipation occurs when the biliary and intestinal tract is blocked by worms.
Diarrhea is a more common symptom because it is caused by toxins and waste products that worms produce.
Worms can live not only in the stomach or intestines, but also in other parts of the body. Often they are localized in the muscles and joint fluid - in this case, the person will experience painful sensations in this area.
Unfortunately, many people confuse the body's response to worms with arthritis, so they do not go to the doctor.
As the parasites spread in the body, other characteristic symptoms appear, for example, anemia, caused by the fact that the worms live off the body's nutrients. Also, people infected with worms often have a lack of iron in the body.
Since the vital activity of parasites affects not only the state of the body, but also the human nervous system, then in those infected with helminths, a restless, depressed or nervous state is very often observed.
With severe intoxication of the body, sleep disturbances are possible - as a rule, waking up occurs around 2-3 o'clock in the morning - at this time the liver is trying to get rid of toxins secreted by parasites, working especially actively.
A chronic lack of nutrients in the body leads to chronic fatigue, often - to apathy or depression.
Other characteristic symptoms of the presence of parasites are itching in the anus, a change in the smell of feces (it becomes putrid, very unpleasant), headaches, skin rashes, allergies, in women, cycle disorders are possible, as well as any abnormalities in the work of the intestines and stomach.
While these symptoms may indicate other illnesses, each could be a sign of a worm infection.
If the deterioration began suddenly, then you must definitely consult a doctor so that he can prescribe a suitable treatment.
Types of parasites
Each of the types of worms that can settle in the human body has its own characteristics.
Some of them can be difficult to identify immediately, as many of them have a special life cycle, for example, they lay eggs irregularly.
In total, doctors have about 100 different types of helminths that can settle in the intestines and other parts of the body.
The most common are tapeworms, pinworms, tapeworms, hookworms, whipworms, filariasis, cysticercosis, and paragonimiasis.
Most often, pinworms are found in adults and children. This is due not only to the prevalence of this type of parasite, but also to the fact that they are easiest to detect - pinworms lay eggs outside the body, and not inside, which can be very easily identified with a simple scraping.
Among the most characteristic symptoms - itching in the anus at night - it is at this time that pinworms come out and lay eggs.
Tape worms and other types of worms can only be found in the body through stool or blood tests.
Their localization also depends on the types of parasites. For example, tapeworms settle in the intestines, roundworms settle in the intestines and lungs of a person, which provokes the development of respiratory diseases.
With severe intoxication, a person's temperature rises, a cough with phlegm appears, sometimes you can see blood impurities in it.
Ascaris larvae can be detected by sputum analysis. Most of the parasites settle in the intestines, which if it does not lead to serious diseases, then in any case causes dysbiosis and inflammation of the organ.
One of the most dangerous species of parasites for humans is Trichinella. Due to their presence, the work of not only the intestines where they live, but also other internal organs is disrupted.
Severe intoxication of the body disrupts the liver, which can cause jaundice, often worms, multiplying in large numbers, block the bile ducts, which disrupts the outflow of bile.
In severe cases, Trichinella causes damage to the central nervous system.
Some types of worms can be detected with a chest x-ray. Their vital activity leads to the appearance of volatile infiltrates in the lungs.
In addition, the patient has an increase in temperature; in the blood test, the number of eosinophils is usually increased. Volatile infiltrates are more common in children but can also be found in adults.
How to detect worms in the body?
Any suspicion of worms is a reason to see a doctor. The first suspicions of the presence of worms in adults, as a rule, do not appear immediately, but after a while after infection.
This can happen against the background of illness or reduced immunity, therefore, go unnoticed.
This leads to the fact that in adults, helminths are found already at a late stage, when the degree of intoxication of the body is high.
If you find signs of infection in yourself, do not self-medicate. The most effective way to determine the presence of helminths in the body is to take an analysis.
It will also help you find out which parasites have settled in the body so that the doctor will prescribe the most adequate treatment.
For adults, a general blood test is most often prescribed, since it can be used to establish the presence of any types of parasites in the body.
An indication for an analysis can be any ailment that does not have a specific cause.
For example, doctors often prescribe this study for insomnia, low hemoglobin, nervous disorders, itching in the anus, anemia, sudden weight loss, etc.
For adults, this analysis is prescribed according to indications, however, some categories of people undergo this study on a regular basis, for example, catering workers, doctors, veterinarians, etc.
There is also a more accurate blood test that will help establish both the fact of infection and give information about which worms are in the body.
This study is called enzyme immunoassay. The analysis examines immunoglobulins - bodies that are produced by the body to fight microbes, bacteria and parasites.
In the absence of worms in the body, the picture will be the same, but even with a minimal amount of worms in the body, it changes.
Despite the accuracy, errors occur in this analysis, since some types of parasites have very well adapted to life in the body and their presence is not easy to establish.
If in doubt, the doctor may prescribe a second test to clarify which parasites have settled in the body. For enzyme immunoassay, blood is taken from a vein.
According to the results of the study, it will be possible to establish the fact of infection, as well as the degree of spread of parasites in the body.
Treatment for worms is necessary. Despite the fact that they may not cause inconvenience to their "owner" for a long time, many doctors believe that infection with helminths can lead to the development of much more serious diseases, including cancer.
In addition, worms inevitably disrupt the body's work, cause chronic inflammation in the intestines and other organs, and reduce immunity.
Treatment for worms is aimed primarily at destroying parasites, so the drugs used for this are quite toxic.
It is impossible to take them before an accurate diagnosis is established and without a doctor's recommendation.
Due to the toxic effects, parasite treatment often causes unpleasant side effects in the body: abdominal pain, vomiting, headaches, increased fatigue, and fever.
Some types of drugs can only be taken under the supervision of a doctor in a hospital setting - they are prescribed for severe infection of the body, as well as for the treatment of complex types of parasites.
Treatment of parasites is not only the use of drugs that destroy them, but also a whole range of measures.
As a rule, along with antiparasitic agents, the doctor also prescribes drugs to the patient to restore the liver, which suffers from the effects of parasite toxins and the drug.
To restore the normal state of the body, vitamins, immunostimulants and enzymes can also be prescribed.
Self-treatment for parasites is prohibited. Today on sale you can find quite a lot of products that promise to save a person from helminths.
Almost all of them have a natural basis and do not harm the body, however, most of them are useless against treatment for parasites.
In addition, they do not provide a complex effect - for example, before destroying parasites in the body, you need to prepare the liver for this, which will undergo severe intoxication.
Regular fees cannot deal with this problem. After the destruction of parasites, you need to remove them, as well as their waste products from the body, otherwise it will lead to severe intoxication - fees and other herbs from worms will not be able to do this.
In addition, all such funds act in the same way, regardless of what types of worms are found in the body - this also significantly reduces their effectiveness.
Traditional methods, although they cannot replace a full-fledged treatment, can be a good addition in the fight against helminths and help to quickly restore the body.
Onions and garlic are considered useful products against parasites in the body - they make the environment in the body less favorable for the vital activity of parasites, so their constant use in food will help reduce the risk of infection.
Chamomile and fennel will help cleanse the body and reduce internal inflammation. Both of these products can be purchased at any pharmacy.
It is believed that these funds accelerate the removal of parasites and their waste products from the body.
Lavender, tea tree or bergamot oils can also help with this - they can be added to food to speed up the body's recovery.
Do not rely only on folk remedies. Treatment of parasites should be carried out by a professional physician, in some cases in a hospital setting.
Self-treatment, especially with the use of medicines, can only worsen the condition and lead to even greater damage to the internal organs.